Civil law is the law branch that covers disputes between individuals and organizations. In civil law cases, instead of punishing the wrongdoer, the victim receives compensation from the individual, group, or company causing such harm.
The plaintiff and defendant are the two main parties in a civil suit. The plaintiff is the person or entity bringing the lawsuit and the defendant is the one being sued.
The Statute of Limitations is the time in which the case must be filed, which can vary from case to case, and it can be extended in some specific situations. It is important you consult a civil litigation attorney to determine your limitation period.
Some parties may want to reduce the expenses and delay accompanying litigation, and may choose other alternatives such as negotiation, mediation, mini-trials, binding arbitration, among others. While many of these alternatives are quite similar, there are specific differences between them, therefore, you should consult an alternative dispute resolution attorney.
These two legal terms have different meanings. Mediation is voluntary and it involves a mediator assisting both parties in reaching a settlement. The mediator will explain the alternatives available but will not impose a solution to the dispute. Arbitration, on the other hand, involves a third party who will decide the case.
First, the defendant will find out what are the reasons why he or she is being sued for and when the complaint is due. There are only 30 days to give an answer to a complaint. You should hire a civil attorney immediately since you don’t have much time to respond.
The main documents you need to bring are the summons and complaint. Sometimes these documents have errors that my cause your case to be dismissed. Other important documents included in civil law cases are electronic communications. It is important to consider the sequence of events since it can be tempting to lie. You can also create a list of potential witnesses that may know about what happened.
Only one person can speak and address the judge or the other parties present. You should be respectful at all times and address the judge as “Your Honor.”